iStock-1011879992.jpg
iStock-1184921234.jpg
iStock-1184921322.jpg

Melt & Pour Soap Classes

Melt and Pour Soap classes are a great introduction to learning to make your own soap. In a melt and pour base, saponification has already occurred (means sodium hydroxide lye, oils, glycerin, and sometimes other ingredients) were combined together to make the base)  allowing you to experiment and understand the second half of the soap-making process without concern for working with these chemicals.

PPE

You will be working with essential oils, flowers, and melted soap, we encourage you to wear something suitable. We can not provide aprons due to covid regulations and so we encourage you to BYO an apron if it is your preference. We do provide safety glasses and elbow-length reusable PVC gloves.

RISK ASSESSMENTS

We complete risk assessments on the following components of this class:

  • Any additives supplied (including long terms safety of these items in resulting bars i.e. chances of mould if using fresh ingredients)

  • Heat (you will be working with liquid soap at 80 degrees)

  • Ventilation 

CLASS PROCESS & CARE INSTRUCTIONS

You will be taught how to select your additives combine them and apply them to a soap base to create 4 bars - here is a link to the class handout supplied in class which includes your soap worksheet and care instructions.

ADDITIVES

In our melt and pour class you will learn how to incorporate additives into your soap. If you have experience with hot or cold process soap you may have used fresh ingredients. Unfortunately, fresh fruits and veggies, fresh flowers, liquid milk, or purees cannot be added to melt and pour soaps in the same way as they can with hot/cold process soap batters (because the fresh versions of those ingredients will go bad without the saponification process). But for melt and pour there are specific additives and forms of these additives that can be used. Adding a fruit/veggie purée to melt and pour soap is like leaving the purée out on the counter eventually, it will turn brown and grow mold. For these reasons we supply only certain ingredients in certain forms - you can read about these below:

SOAP CLASS ADDITIVE FAQ

Additives : Fragrances Essential Oils, Fragrance Oils


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Scent additives might impact the soap’s color, setting time, solidity, and transparency and may cause the soap to thicken quickly (an occurrence called “seizing” or “acceleration”) Suggested Usage Amount 0.3 oz. – 0.4 oz. of fragrance per pound of soap. The amount can be increased, depending on the strength of the chosen scent. Helpful Information

  1. Ensure that the chosen scent is skin-safe and suited to your skin type/sensitivities
  2. Ensure that the scent is thoroughly blended into the soap base to prevent separation from the base as well as globules of pure fragrance
  3. Create a sample of the final product to be sure that the scent is well-suited to the chosen soap base (i.e. does not negatively impact its viscosity and clarity)
  4. Oils with floral, fruity, or spicy scents are reputed to cause seizing
  5. Ensure that the chosen essential oil does not have contraindications for particular health conditions




Additives : Carrier Oils


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Carrier Oils enhance the moisturizing, conditioning, nourishing, and soothing effects of the final soap product Suggested Usage Amount 1 Tbsp. per pound of soap Helpful Information

  1. Ensure that oil is entirely liquid before blending into melted soap




Additives : Colourants (Liquid Dyes, Micas, Oxides, Clays, Nature Tint Colors)


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Any liquid dye that is water-based, non-bleeding, and skin-safe can be used to add color to Melt and Pour soap. Powder colorants, such as micas, oxides, clays, and “Nature Tint” colors, may also be used. Suggested Usage Amount 1 tsp per pound of soap Helpful Information

  1. Ensure that powder and liquid color additives are thoroughly blended into the chosen soap base, otherwise there is a chance that the color will not integrate completely, resulting in streaks of white (or whatever color the original soap base is) or specks of color rather than a uniform hue
  2. Before adding a powder dye into a soap base, dilute it in a small amount of rubbing alcohol, as this will help to prevent the powder from forming lumps in the mixture (the alcohol will be burned off by the heat of the liquified soap while the color will remain)




Additives : Butters


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Butters enhance the moisturizing, conditioning, nourishing, and soothing effects of the final soap product Suggested Usage Amount More than 1 teaspoon per pound of soap base could result in the final product being too soft or too oily and could possibly lessen the lather or prevent the product from properly hardening Helpful Information Ensure that butter is entirely liquid before blending into melted soap




Additives : Exfoliants (Clays, Sugar, Epsom Salts, Loofah, Oatmeal, Clay Powders, Cosmetic Beads, Coffee Grounds, Ground Pumice Stone)


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Yes, they can help remove dead skin, soothe, soften, and smoothe the skin and enhance cleaning properties. Suggested Usage Amount 1 tsp per pound of soap Helpful Information For exfoliants that have finer textures, it is recommended that they be mixed with a small amount of rubbing alcohol (e.g. 1 tsp of exfoliant in 1 Tbsp of alcohol) to help them integrate into the liquified soap




Additives : Activated Charcoal


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Yes. The amount of Activated Charcoal that is added to a soap base determines a color range from blue to grey to black. A coarse Activated Charcoal will contribute to the exfoliation properties of the final soap. Activated Charcoal soaps are reputed to be beneficial for acne-prone skin Suggested Usage Amount 1-2 tsp per pound of soap Helpful Information Before adding Activated Charcoal into a soap base, dilute it in a small amount of rubbing alcohol, as this will help to prevent the powder from forming lumps in the mixture (the alcohol will be burned off by the heat of the liquified soap while the color will remain)




Additives : Botanicals (Seeds, Whole Flower Buds, Petals, Leaves, Powdered Extracts, Herbs)


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Yes, botanicals add aesthetic appeal to a finished soap product. Although they might be incorporated into a soap formula with the intention of adding fragrance, the quantity of dried botanicals (fresh ones should not be used), will be too trivial to contribute any notable scent, thus a fragrance oil should also be used in addition to botanicals, Due to their nature, botanicals can potentially cause discoloration of the soap, we use them for decoration only. Suggested Usage Amount 1-2 tsp per pound of soap Helpful Information

  1. It is recommended that any preferred flower additives be dried, treated, and specifically for soap-making
  2. Flowers should be dried – ideally air dried – before they are added to any melted soap bases
  3. To ensure that botanicals (especially those that are heavy and inclined to sink to the bottom of the mold) are evenly distributed in a soap base, a layering technique may be used. This involves pouring a small amount of the melted soap base to the mold, then sprinkling a small amount of the botanicals on top, then waiting approximately 20 minutes before pouring a second layer of melted soap atop the botanicals layer. This can be repeated until the mold is filled.
  4. Another method that promotes the even distribution of botanicals involves, using a small stick-like tool, such as a toothpick, to place the flowers in the preferred spot inside the melted soap. As the soap hardens, there is still a chance that botanicals will rise to the top of the soap (which will be the bottom of the unmolded soap)
  5. To prevent botanicals from discoloring soap, it is recommended to add them to the liquid soap when its temperature is lower than the melting point




Additives : Baking Soda


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? No, baking Soda is not recommended for use in soaps, as it negatively affects lather. Suggested Usage Amount n/a Helpful Information n/a




Additives : Humectants (Raw Honey, Aloe Vera Gel)


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Humectants contribute extra moisture to the skin for enhanced hydration and softness Soften the final product. The greater the concentration of honey, the denser the lather, the softer the soap, and the darker the final soap will appear to be. Honey could potentially separate from the soap base. A high amount of honey in the final soap bar is said to increase sweating in Glycerin soaps Suggested Usage Amount ½ teaspoon to 6 teaspoons Helpful Information n/a




Additives : Vanilla Extract and Oils with Vanillin


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Vanilla Extract should not be used in soap as it causes discoloration of the final soap bar and will not retain its deep, warm, sweet, and comforting aroma. In some Vanilla-stable soap bases, Vanilla-fragranced oils can be added to the soap and the colour will remain unaffected Suggested Usage Amount No more then 2% Helpful Information n/a




Additives : Milk Powder


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Yes, like most Additives, Milk Powders can be added to Melt & Pour Soap Base Suggested Usage Amount 1 – 2 tablespoons per pound of soap Helpful Information To add the Milk Powder, mix it with a small amount of warm water to form a slurry or paste Your teacher will supervise the use of powdered milk - even in a powdered form careful intigration and measuring needs to be used to ensure your resulting bar is safe to use.




Additives : Citrus peels, berries, and herbs


Is it effective in melt and pour soap making? Yes, but only when dehydrated, then dried, thoroughly and prepared specfifically for melt and pour soap making. If you are mixing these elements into your soap we encourage you to use a hot/cold process soap or add a preservative. In our classes we use these elements to decorate the top of the bar (these are removed before the soap bar is used by the user). Suggested Usage Amount Enough to decorate the top of the soap bar Helpful Information Preservativies can oxidize and turn brown over time.